New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer (graphen mono-layer)

Go down

New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer (graphen mono-layer)

Post by Cr6 on Sat Apr 21, 2018 4:55 am

Hmmm....maybe they are stumbling into Miles' Charge Field theory one nano-Lego at a time... it's "child's play"...  Razz       )
---------
New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer
April 19, 2018, ICFO

( https://phys.org/news/2018-04-atom-atomic-lego-nanometer.html#nRlv  ....more at link)

New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer
Artistic impression of the squeezed light (plasmon) in between the metal and graphene, separated by just one a one-atom thick dielectric Credit: ICFO

All electronic devices consist of billions of transistors, the key building block invented in Bell Labs in the late 1940s. Early transistors were as large as one centimeter, but now measure about 14 nanometers. There has also been a race to further shrink devices that control and guide light. Light can function as an ultra-fast communication channel, for example, between different sections of a computer chip, but it can also be used for ultra-sensitive sensors or novel on-chip nanoscale lasers.

New techniques have emerged to confine light into extremely tiny spaces, millions of times smaller than current ones. Researchers previously found that metals can compress light below the wavelength-scale (diffraction limit), but more confinement would always come at the cost of more energy losses. This paradigm has now been shifted by using graphene.

In a recent study published in Science, ICFO researchers have now confined light down to a space one atom thick in dimension, the smallest confinement possible. The work was led by ICREA Prof at ICFO Frank Koppens and carried out by David Alcaraz, Sebastien Nanot, Itai Epstein, Dmitri Efetov, Mark Lundeberg, Romain Parret, and Johann Osmond from ICFO, and performed in collaboration with University of Minho (Portugal) and MIT (USA).

The team of researchers used stacks (heterostructures) of 2-D materials, and built up a completely new nano-optical device, as if it were atom-scale Lego. They took a graphene monolayer (semi-metal), and stacked onto it a hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) monolayer (insulator), and on top of this deposited an array of metallic rods. They used graphene because this material is capable of guiding light in the form of "plasmons", which are oscillations of the electrons, interacting strongly with light.

They sent infrared light through their devices and observed how the plasmons propagated in between the metal and the graphene. To reach the smallest space conceivable, they decided to reduce as much as possible the gap between the metal and the graphene to see if the confinement of light remained efficient, e.g. without additional energy losses. Strikingly, they saw that even when a monolayer of hBN was used as a spacer, the plasmons were still excited by the light, and could propagate freely while being confined to a channel of just on atom thick. They managed to switch this plasmon propagation on and off, simply by applying an electrical voltage, demonstrating the control of light guided in channels smaller than one nanometer of height.

Cr6
Admin

Posts : 1069
Join date : 2014-08-09

View user profile http://milesmathis.forumotion.com

Back to top Go down

Re: New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer (graphen mono-layer)

Post by LongtimeAirman on Sat Apr 21, 2018 6:31 pm

.
The Plasmons are almost in our grasp!

You are correct, Cr6, graphene does everything, including squeezing light as corpuscular plasmons. How big is that single atom? Almost a nanometer? I’m still rapt by the smallest space conceivable. The absurdities are beyond galore.

That story is a lot like the 3yr old Related story (on the lower part of the page at phys.org).

Graphene plasmons go ballistic
January 12, 2015, The Institute of Photonic Sciences
https://phys.org/news/2015-01-graphene-plasmons-ballistic.html
Squeezing light into tiny circuits and controlling its flow electrically is a holy grail that has become a realistic scenario thanks to the discovery of graphene. This tantalizing achievement is realized by exploiting so-called plasmons, in which electrons and light move together as one coherent wave. Plasmons guided by graphene -a two-dimensional sheet of carbon atoms - are remarkable as they can be confined to length scales of nanometers, up to two hundred times below the wavelength of light. An important hurdle until now has been the rapid loss of energy that these plasmons experience, limiting the range over which they could travel.
If only we’d exploited Plasmons sooner.
.

LongtimeAirman
Admin

Posts : 936
Join date : 2014-08-10

View user profile

Back to top Go down

Re: New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer (graphen mono-layer)

Post by Nevyn on Sat Apr 21, 2018 10:18 pm

That sounds more like an electron being stripped of its spins which explains the ability to treat it as light and also the rapid loss of energy. But that doesn't sound anywhere near sexy enough!
avatar
Nevyn
Admin

Posts : 1231
Join date : 2014-09-11

View user profile http://www.nevyns-lab.com

Back to top Go down

Re: New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer (graphen mono-layer)

Post by Cr6 on Mon Apr 23, 2018 12:04 am

Nevyn wrote:But that doesn't sound anywhere near sexy enough!

Well Nevyn...that's just like an old....wait for it.... --->   "Spinster"!         (yeah..I know...cough...)


Last edited by Cr6 on Mon Apr 23, 2018 12:26 am; edited 1 time in total

Cr6
Admin

Posts : 1069
Join date : 2014-08-09

View user profile http://milesmathis.forumotion.com

Back to top Go down

Re: New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer (graphen mono-layer)

Post by Nevyn on Mon Apr 23, 2018 12:25 am

I giggled.

Many wouldn't!

But I did.
avatar
Nevyn
Admin

Posts : 1231
Join date : 2014-09-11

View user profile http://www.nevyns-lab.com

Back to top Go down

Re: New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer (graphen mono-layer)

Post by Cr6 on Mon Apr 23, 2018 12:29 am

Maybe a "Stripping Spinster"?  Or "Spinster Stripper"....  definitely not sexy! lol...

Cr6
Admin

Posts : 1069
Join date : 2014-08-09

View user profile http://milesmathis.forumotion.com

Back to top Go down

Re: New record on squeezing light to one atom: Atomic Lego guides light below one nanometer (graphen mono-layer)

Post by Sponsored content


Sponsored content


Back to top Go down

Back to top


 
Permissions in this forum:
You cannot reply to topics in this forum